The Daughters of Zelophehad

The Problem.

Matthew 1:16
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ [In Greek ‘Christ’ but in Hebrew ‘Messiah’].

Luke 3:23
And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

So there’s the problem…. Is Joseph the son of Jacob as says Matthew 1:16 or the son of Heli as recorded in Luke 3:23? I mean... come on, it’s either one or the other… Isn’t it? The genealogy of the Messiah is important for he who would claim such a title would have to be able to prove that he was a descendant of King David, even the unbelieving Jews knew that much…

John 7:42-43
42 - Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the offspring of David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?”
43 - So there was a division among the people over him.

Not only did all Israel know that their scriptures said that their Messiah was to spring from the line of David, but they also knew that when He did come… He would sit as a Jewish King on the throne of King David. Jesus’ apostles knew this too…

Acts 1:6
So when they had come together [The Apostles], they asked him, “Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?

This had been prophesied of the Messiah in the Book of Isaiah…

Isaiah 9:6-7
6 - For to us a child is born,
to us a son is given;
and the government shall be upon his shoulder,
and his name shall be called
Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
7 - Of the increase of his government and of peace
there will be no end,
on the throne of David and over his kingdom,
to establish it and to uphold it
with justice and with righteousness
from this time forth and forevermore.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.

The above text saves me from having to quote numerous individual scriptural references from all over the Bible, for within it we see many confirmations, such as…

  • Their Messiah is God.
  • Their Messiah is eternal.
  • Their Messiah will sit on the throne of King David.
  • Their Messiah’s Kingdom will be an eternal Kingdom.

That King David’s throne would be established forever was promised to David by God through the prophet Nathan, this way back in the days David reigned in Israel.

2 Samuel 7:12-16
12 - When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers [when David dies], I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. [That’ll be King David’s Son, Solomon]
13 - He shall build a house [Solomon’s Temple] for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. [Meaning David’s… Forever!!]
14 - I will be to him [King Solomon] a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, [God will not take away his Kingdom as it was eternal but, would punish him when he rebelled]
15 - but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul [King Saul before him God deposed], whom I put away from before you. [He died]
16 - And your house [The line of King David] and your kingdom [His throne and authority] shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever.”

And God keeps His Word.

Psalm. 89:34-35
“My covenant I will not break nor alter the word that has gone out of My lips. Once I have sworn by my holiness; I will not lie to David: His seed shall endure forever, and his throne as the sun before me; It shall be established forever like the moon, even like the faithful witness in the sky”

OK, so the good news is that even though the Jews rejected Him when He came, just as prophesied… His promises still stand. For we can say with confidence that Jesus has become ‘The King of the Jews’ just as Scripture foretold…

Luke 19:37-40
37 - As he was drawing near, already on the way down the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen,
38 - saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”
39 - And some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples.”
40 - He answered, “I tell you, if these were silent, the very stones would cry out.” [In other words Jesus was saying “I AM YOUR KING”]

Although Christ is King, He hasn’t yet returned to set-up His Heavenly Kingdom on the Earth, but He will soon at His Second Coming... when He comes to destroy the kingdoms of men and sets-up the Kingdom of God’s Son. This is what troubled King Nebuchadnezzar so much in his sleep, a dream that only Daniel could interpret for the king.

Daniel 2:44
“In the time of those kings [Ruling at Christ’s return], the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It [Christ’s coming Kingdom
will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but it will itself endure forever.”

The cursed line.

But why the discrepancy between the two genealogies? Both of which set out to authenticate Jesus as Messiah. The reason for this apparent contradiction is because of a curse God spoke over one of the Kings of Israel! Even a direct descendant of David. and more importantly, an ancestor of Jesus!

Jeremiah 22:30
Thus says the Lord, Write this man down as childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days; for none of his descendants shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah”

The King that received this curse was King Coniah/Jechonias mentioned in Matthew’s genealogy (verses 11-12), and be careful to note the exact phrase of the curse… ‘for none of his descendants shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David’. Not ‘none’ of his descendants shall prosper, but rather ‘none who sit on the throne of David’!
What a disaster then, for if Jesus should inherit that cursed bloodline… He begin eternal, and sitting upon an eternal throne, His kingdom shall be ever cursed!

But don’t panic! God had a plan from the beginning, that is why He alone can say…

Isaiah 45:21-22
21 - Declare and present your case;
let them take counsel together!
Who told this long ago?
Who declared it of old?
Was it not I, the Lord?
And there is no other god besides me,
a righteous God and a Saviour;
there is none besides me.
22 - “Turn to me and be saved,
all the ends of the earth!
For I am God, and there is no other.

As the Kingship was only ever passed down the male line, so was the right of inheritance also. Sorry ladies, but when God took Eve out of Adam, though she took with her many of his original strengths and qualities leaving him in much need of her, God chose to leave the authoritative head with the man, for the duration of this fleeting life. The basis of this truth can be seen in my video on Women Bishops - Are there Gender Roles in the Church Today.

Thus, as Matthew ministered to the Jews, we see in his account a genealogy passing directly through King David’s first son Solomon, to Joseph via the cursed King Jechonias [Matt 1:11-12], this to convince the Jews that Jesus could legally qualify as a contender for the Messiahship. However, we now know that lineage had been cursed and God forbid that Jesus should claim His Messiahship via that cursed lineage.

But God hinted at something very special regarding the lineage of Christ, when He spoke of Christ’s being the seed, not of a man but of a women!

Genesis 3:15
And I will put enmity between thee [Satan] and the woman [Mary],
and between thy seed and her seed;
it shall bruise thy head,
and thou shalt bruise his heel.

And if you didn’t quite get that, God made it very clear that the Messiah would have no Earthly father to pass on his seed when He said…

Isaiah 7:14
Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Matthew 1:22-23
22 - All this took place to fulfil what the Lord had spoken by the prophet: [Isaiah 7:14]
23 - “Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son,
and they shall call his name Immanuel” which means, God with us.

Though some of the Jews hinted at Jesus being the illegitimate son of Joseph, suggesting she had previously had sex with another man whilst engaged to Joseph, knowing full well that Mary had been pregnant before she and Joseph had consummated their marriage…

John 8:41b
…They said to him, “We were not born of sexual immorality. We have one Father—even God.”

Jesus knew very well who His real Father was, as when He was rebuked by Joseph and Mary for lingering behind at the Temple, He said to His Mother and Step Father…

Luke 2:48-50
48 - When his parents saw him, they were astonished. His mother said to him, “Son, why have you treated us like this? Your father and I have been anxiously searching for you.”
49 - “Why were you searching for me?” he asked. “Didn’t you know I had to be in my Father’s house? [The House of God, The Temple]
50 - But they did not understand what he was saying to them.

The Cure.

So how was God going to get around the curse He had placed upon the male line of David, to Christ His Son? Well if Jesus hadn’t received His inheritance via the cursed line recorded in Matthew ending in Joseph, He must have received via His Mother Mary, but how is this possible for women do not nor could not hold such an inheritance… Could they?

However we read that way back in the days of Moses, God had made an exception for any family, who for whatever reason had no male heir, else their family name would perish. For when the children of Israel were allotting the land for an inheritance to the tribes of Israel, one family having lost all their male heirs [possibly in battle] brought their complaint before Moses. These were the daughters of Zelophehad. Seeing that they had suffered with the rest of the children of Israel to gain such an inheritance, they suddenly realised that their family name would perish, because they has no male heirs to carryon the family name. So having appealed to Moses, Moses brought their case before the Lord.

Numbers 27:5-7
5 - And Moses brought their cause before the LORD.
6 - AND THE LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
7 - The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: thou shalt surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father’ brethren; and thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them.

However they could only carry the inheritance, for scripture informs us that it couldn’t be enjoyed until they were married.

Numbers 36:6-7
6 - This is what the Lord commands concerning the daughters of Zelophehad, ‘Let them marry whom they think best, only they shall marry within the clan of the tribe of their father.
7 - The inheritance of the people of Israel shall not be transferred from one tribe to another, for every one of the people of Israel shall hold on to the inheritance of the tribe of his fathers.

If they had married out-side of their tribe, the inheritance would have past outside of the Tribe of Judah of which they belonged. And this was not allowed as all inheritances had to remain within the tribe who first received them. Therefore the daughters were only allowed to carry the inheritance until they married a man within their own tribe, who then claimed it, only then could she enjoy the right of inheritance with her husband.

Women could marry outside of the tribe, who then would become part of that tribe... but the inheritance as the males, always remain in the tribe they were first found in.

So… there we have it, if we should follow Luke’s genealogy from King David to Jesus, the line doesn’t pass through David’s first surviving son Solomon, whose line God had cursed from King Coniah/Jeconiah onwards, but through King David’s second son Nathan. And in doing so it bypassed the curse. For if we follow Nathan’s bloodline to Heli, Mary’s father, we see that it avoids the curse placed upon King Conian’s line. And as Scripture says nothing of Heli having any sons we understand that Mary, just as the daughters of Zelophehad before her... was able to carry the inheritance until she married a husband from her own tribe, who we know was Joseph, the then Father-in-Law of our Lord Jesus. Therefore Jesus our Lord, inherited from His Father-in-law the pure, untainted inheritance promised to Him by His Father in Heaven, even God Almighty.

Luke 3:23
And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, who [now] was the son [in law] of Heli,

Now, if we should read again the two seemingly conflicting verses, they should make complete sense…

Matthew 1:16
And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. [The cursed line through the male]

Luke 3:23
And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, [The blessed line through the ‘seed of the Women.]

The whole thing pivots on who ‘Joseph’ received his inheritance from, either from the cursed line [if they should sit upon the throne of King David] of his biological father Jacob, or from the un-cursed line of his father-in-law Hedi... received when he married Heli’s daughter Mary. Because either would be passed-on to the promised Messiah, king Jesus, soon to return and take-up his eternal throne.
Let me now confirm then that Jesus received the blessed inheritance from Solomon’s second son, passed to Mary who carried it until she was married to Joseph.

Psalm 2:6-9
6 - “I have installed my king
on Zion, my holy mountain.”
7 - I will proclaim the Lord’s decree:
He said to me, “You are my son;
today I have become your father.
8 - Ask me, and I will make the nations your inheritance,
the ends of the earth your possession.
9 - You will break them with a rod of iron;
you will dash them to pieces like pottery.”

And this King, the King of Israel shall soon return as prophesied to... smash the Kingdoms of men upon the Earth because of their wickedness, and set-up His eternal Jewish Kingdom that shall encompass the whole Earth.

Revelation 22:20
He who testifies to these things says, “Yes, I am coming soon.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus.